DHAKA, Nov. 28 (Xinhua) -- In an apparent bid to conserve eroding forex reserves, Bangladeshi prime minister Sheikh Hasina has directed the country's relevant authorities to squeeze imports of luxury items.
Sheikh Hasina, however, stressed the need for importing more essentials. She gave the directives at a secretary-level meeting held in the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka on Sunday.
Bangladeshi cabinet secretary Khandker Anwarul Islam briefed journalists about the premier's directives after the high-profile meeting.
Hasina asked the country's commerce ministry to increase import tariffs on 40 luxury goods to discourage the import of such products and improve the dollar liquidity in the forex market earlier this month.
Bangladesh's forex reserves reached 34.10 billion U.S. dollars on Nov. 23, declining from 34.30 billion dollars on Nov. 17, showed the latest Bangladesh Bank (BB) data.
Against this backdrop, the central bank of Bangladesh is reportedly contemplating changing the exchange rate of the Bangladeshi currency taka against the U.S. dollar. That would mean a U.S. dollar will be traded at 100 taka, up from the existing 98 taka by the end of the calendar year.
To cope with the odds posing a serious threat to the macroeconomic stability, the Bangladeshi government has already approached global lenders including the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for loans to build a buffer amid dwindling foreign exchange reserves.
IMF has confirmed that it has reached a staff-level agreement with Bangladesh that will pave the way for the release of the much-awaited 4.5 billion dollars in loan support.
Hasina urged all in Bangladesh to work together in growing more food last month, bringing every inch of land into cultivation to protect the country from possible global famine or food crisis.
As famine tensions run high in the country since Hasina's statement, she said on Friday that Bangladesh has enough reserves to cover the import cost for five months and assured that there won't be any crisis of consumer goods in the country which is apparently in a serious economic crisis triggered by the Russia-Ukraine conflict and reckless rate hikes of the U.S. causing world economic earthquake.
The ballooning U.S. debt is spilling over to many countries around the world and countries like Bangladesh have felt the pinch of the U.S. Federal Reserve's aggressive interest rate hikes, a leading Bangladeshi economist has warned.
With the U.S. national debt already exceeding 31 trillion dollars and due to the U.S. rate hikes, the global economy has shrunk amid dire problems including currency devaluation, inflation and food crisis, Md Aynul Islam, general secretary of the Bangladesh Economic Association (BEA) told Xinhua earlier this month.